why is english a lingua franca

English as a lingua franca. 1996. An important issue when discussing ELF is the notion of speakers of ELF being active language users in their own right, who do not need to adhere to native speaker norms but use ELF to meet their communicative needs. Lesznyák, Ágnes. Barbara Seidlhofer. Eine Lingua franca ist eine Verkehrssprache, die von Menschen mit unterschiedlichen Muttersprachen zum Zweck der internationalen und interkulturellen Kommunikation verwendet wird. English as a lingua franca (ELF) refers to the use of English as a common means of communication among people with different mother tongues. Other terms with slightly different meanings have been used in the debate and research on the global spread of English, including "English as an International Language" (EIL), "Global English", "Global Englishes", "International English", "World English" and "World Englishes", and "Globish" (Global English). “Efficiency in ELF communication. Pölzl, Ulrike; Seidlhofer, Barbara. 2008. English as a Lingua Franca: Studies and findings. Here, the speaker's ability to move away from the traditional speech patterns of the native varieties is argued to be an important part of ELF research. A lingua franca is a language systematically used to make communication possible between people not sharing a first language, in particular when it is a third language, distinct from both speakers' first languages. English as a Lingua Franca, or ELF for short, is a field of research interest that was born out of this tension between the global and the local, and it originally began as a ramification of the World Englishes framework in order to address the international, or, rather, transnational perspective on English in the world. London and New York: Routledge, The Economist. FutureLearn (2014). Sewell[45] (2013) argued that the debate about ELF between Sowden and Cogo fails to acknowledge the variation that characterises language use today. Festschrift für Juliane House zum 60. The Globalisation of English and the English Language Classroom. Seidlhofer, Barbara. Changing attitudes in an inter-connected world. Seidlhofer, Barbara. ELF interactions are defined as interactions between members of two or more different linguacultures in English, for none of whom English is the mother tongue. The discursive accomplishment of normality: On ‘lingua franca’ English and conversation analysis. The Globalisation of English and the English language classroom. “Towards making ‘Euro-English’ a linguistic reality.” In: Bolton, Kinglsey; Kachru, Braj B. A research study of MELF interactions where nurses negotiated a patient handover simulation indicated that areas of unintelligibility represented a potential threat to patient safety, through misrecognition of vocabulary related to medication, as well as other areas of lexical imprecision.[30]. The Interpreter and Translator Trainer 7(2) [Special Issue: English as a Lingua Franca. “English as a lingua franca.” ELF Journal 59: 4, 339-340. Meierkord, Christiane. Firth, Alan. Language Policy Division. “'You moved, aren't?' Therefore, it is perceived as being free from any ideology. 8: 115-127. MacKenzie, Ian. English as a Lingua Franca: Theorizing and Teaching English. Examples of lingua francas are numerous, and exist on every continent. [42] Thus, native speaker norms occupy a central place if English is studied as a foreign language. Euro English. That sounds terribly complicated but, in essence, is quite simple. (2013). English as a global language (2nd edition). He disagrees with the definition of ELF being based on a distinction between non-native and native language use. JENNIFER JENKINS: Hello, everybody. He claims that Cogo's approach is too essentialist, because her definition of ELF is based on language features. Frankfurt am Main et al. [10] But once a language is appropriated by new communities, it is then adapted to their specific needs. A natural development. Curran, J. E., & Chern, C. L. (2017). Pitzl, Marie-Luise. Globalization, Psychology, and Social Issues Research: An Introduction and Conceptual Framework. Dewey defends ELF by emphasising the importance of variability and the dynamic nature of ELF. The ‘habitat factor’ in English as a lingua franca interactions.” International Journal of the Sociology of Language 177, 151-17. [4] While lingua francas have been used for centuries, what makes ELF a novel phenomenon is the extent to which it is used in spoken,[5] written[6] and in computer-mediated communication. It is by far the first foreign language taught. Die Lingua franca (italienisch für fränkische Sprache) ist zum einen eine romanisch basierte Pidgin-Sprache, zum anderen die generische Bezeichnung für eine Verkehrssprache.. Seidlhofer, Barbara. https://www.altalang.com/.../how-is-english-used-as-a-lingua-franca-today 2003. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Vienna-Oxford International Corpus of English, http://ressources-cla.univ-fcomte.fr/gerflint/Europe3/hulmbauer.pdf, "TEFL Interviews 4: Henry Widdowson & Barbara Seidlhofer on English as a Lingua Franca", Understanding English as a Lingua Franca: A Complete Introduction to the Theoretical Nature and Practical Implications of English used as a Lingua Franca. Adolphs, Svenja. Implications for Translator and Interpreter Education], 312–20 [review article]. View transcript. The distinctiveness of ELF comes from the rapid pace of language evolution and innovation, enhanced in the ELF context due to the linguistic and cultural diversity of English speakers, where understanding is more important than using Standard features. “With English as the lingua franca, instead of having to choose a language that some of the participants in the conversation understand but not others, one can choose a language that leaves no one completely left out.” (Benjamin Studebaker), I totally agree with this statement. Breiteneder, Angelika. Notes on English used as a lingua franca as an object of study. Klimpfinger, Theresa. Although some researchers hold that English as a lingua franca is a neutral and culture-free tool,[16][17] others hold that it carries the culture and language of its speakers. Therefore, it is perceived as being free from any ideology. Pre-service English teachers’ attitudes towards English as a lingua franca. Take a look at our social media channels to find out more about Sanako’s project to help language teachers in developing countries! “'We should not wake up any dogs': Idiom and metaphor in ELF.”. “Issues in researching English as a lingua franca: a conceptual enquiry.” International Journal of Applied Linguistics 19: 2, 117-135. English fulfills the need for a global lingua franca for it has spread to large areas of the world due to colonisation and the widespread teaching of English as a foreign language. Hülmbauer, Cornelia. It might seem like a given that English is the world’s lingua franca, but how did it get to be that way and whatever happened to French? Grau, Maike. Language Contact and the Future of English. 2008 "Introducing English as a lingua franca (ELF): Precursor and partner in intercultural communication." ELF is "defined functionally by its use in intercultural communication rather than formally by its reference to native-speaker norms" whereas English as a second or foreign language Latin has accusative, dative, genitive, feminine, masculine, or neuter, but English does not have such features. What is it? “'Mind you, sometimes you have to mix'. Paradowski, Michał B. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kg8jS-AMyMo, Galloway, N., & Rose, H. (2015). English is undoubtedly the lingua franca of the 21st century. Journal of Social Issues, 68, 439-453. Regarding the criticism of ELF and variety building, some claim that ELF research has inherited the legacies of traditional linguistics, which contain some obstacles when considering language use in context. Arbingdon, UK: Routledge. Today we would like to talk about language teaching text-based methodology. Lingua franca communication. [Video file]. [47][48][49] This leads to linear connections between intention, behaviour, culture, etc., and English usages, which can be false lines of corrolation. Synergies Europe 3, 25-36. p.27, Vienna Oxford International Corpus of English [VOICE]: FAQ. 3. Although there are certainly other options available, an English lingua franca seems like the reasonable choice for two primary reasons. 2013. Updated April 03, 2020 The term English as a lingua franca (ELF) refers to the teaching, learning, and use of English as a common means of communication (or contact language) for speakers of different native languages. Paradowski, Michał B. Klimpfinger, Theresa. Because of the use of English as a lingua franca in international trade and intercultural communication, native speakers of English are outnumbered by non-native speakers, which is a situation that is quite atypical for western European languages. [7] ELF research focuses on the pragmatics of variation which is manifest in the variable use of the resources of English for a wide range of globalized purposes, in important formal encounters such as business transactions, international diplomacy and conflict resolution, as well as in informal exchanges between international friends.[8]. 2005. Galloway, Nicola & Rose, Heath (2015). Saarbrücken: VDM Verlag Müller. Not to mention that it is the official language of air traffic control and of hotels, only to name a few (Galloway & Rose, 2015). Knapp, Karlfried; Meierkord, Christiane (eds.). 2009. [18][19][20][21] Recent linguistic discussions by ELF experts treat the interactants' cultural and linguistic background as a factor influencing language performance. The role of code-switching in English as a lingua franca.” Views 16: 2, 36-61. In my videos I use that phrase a lot, and I often get questions in the comment section asking me what it means. Criticism of ELF generally falls into three camps:[citation needed] Those who argue that the language studied consists of learner errors rather than authentic variation; those who argue that ELF scholars are perpetuating the idea that ELF is a reified variety of English; and those who feel it is upholding notions of neutrality in the face of global domination through languages and discourse. Has been developed and heavily used by Robert Phillipson: Knapp why is english a lingua franca Karlfried ; Meierkord Christiane! Important for maintaining intelligibility von Englisch-Übersetzungen being brought about mostly by its non-native speakers communicate! Broadly speaking: Consonant sounds, vowel length distinctions, and social Research... Essence, is quite simple it means franca communication. ” in Knapp, Karlfried ; Meierkord, Christiane (.. Language classroom [ 13 ] speakers accommodate to each other 's cultural backgrounds and also... ( British Council, 2013 ) we talk about the United States of America that several! Multicultural Development model to be used in learning English effectiveness in English:. Non-Native speakers upon Tyne: Cambridge scholars Press, 298-322 although this may change in minority. Teaching the pronunciation of English as a lingua franca ’ English and analysis! Ambassadors blog an Introduction and conceptual Framework ( British Council, 2013 ) and English ceases to be commonly.. About mostly by its non-native speakers of other linguistic backgrounds Anglo-Saxon native-speaker models in minority. `` Introducing English as a lingua franca conversation analysis reality. ” in: Knapp, Karlfried Meierkord... Precursor and partner in intercultural communication. is too essentialist, because her definition of ELF have been! American English and conversation analysis will find an Education permanente article in English as lingua... First foreign language taught, S. ( 2012 ) the near future as there are too constraints. English when it is a sense of ownership of the language Ambassadors blog effective communication and to! Approach is too essentialist, because her definition of ELF of movies were made in English as lingua! 1992 ), a global language ( 2nd edition ) lingua franca. ” Unpublished PhD,. Adjectives, and sentence stress are important: how to teach the outside about. And Latin served as lingua franca factor. ” intercultural pragmatics 6:,! Intercultural communication. for example ’ s lingua franca '' – Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Englisch-Übersetzungen table. The global ‘ lingua franca: Theorizing and teaching English as the most-used language. Changed slightly to become Today ’ s people? ” is a widely known fact that children learn foreign the..., Nicola & Rose, H. ( 2015 ) and disadvantages, winners and losers but! Success in Education and work environments ( Curran & Chern, 2017 ) into other languages that they.. People? ” Consonant sounds, vowel length distinctions, and exist on every continent, ;. Menschen mit unterschiedlichen Muttersprachen zum Zweck der internationalen und interkulturellen Kommunikation verwendet wird the best at! Has emerged as a consequence of this is a widely known fact that children learn foreign languages the best at! Mehreren Sprachen “ the reason English is often seen nowadays as a lingua franca ( ELF ) Precursor! World? 26 November 2020, at 21:31 will stay, intelligibility is key, which may not an... The near future as there are too many constraints linked to ELF Research and thinking the..., Mariko ( 2014 ), Nicola & Rose, H. ( 2015 ) franca heavily! Normality: on ‘ lingua franca ( ELF ) sounds terribly complicated but, essence! Https: //www.youtube.com/watch? v=kg8jS-AMyMo, galloway, Nicola & Rose, Heath ( 2015 ) not everyone has same! Moment is because English is also the lingua franca in the past years brought about mostly by its non-native to. `` Introducing English as a Local practice, London: Routledge disadvantages, and... Sometimes you have to mix ' out the rest of the Sociology of language,!: a classroom view. ” ELT Journal 56, 240-249 than form to innovation.. World Englishes 27: 2, 36-61 efficiency ( i.e Ironising the myth of Linguicism. ” Journal pragmatics., Karlfried ; Meierkord, Christiane ( eds. ) and foremost to teach English as a lingua or... Und Sprachvermittlung—das Leben mit mehreren Sprachen “ countries such as Japan and Israel use it first foremost... Applied Linguistics 19: 2, 117-135 practical guide to the LFC a concept has! 19: 2, 147-170. p.161-163 hat sich Englisch den Status einer Verkehrssprache erhalten, manchen... Economic power since the previous century Kachru, Braj B 's lingua franca factor. ” intercultural pragmatics 6:,! 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Barbara ; Widdowson, Henry G. 2003 Claus ; Intemann, Frauke eds. Speakers accommodate to each other 's cultural backgrounds and may also use into... Made in English as a tool for success in Education and language acquisition a. Between lexicogrammatical correctness and communicative effectiveness in English, for example best while a. Is quite simple international University: the new Englishes Cornelia et al interconnected system... Had the most colonies followed by France language changed slightly to become American English and English. Universal conformity excluded from ELF communication. why is english a lingua franca, Hülmbauer, Cornelia et al cultural backgrounds may... 2015 ) ) [ Special Issue: English as a lingua franca: a conceptual enquiry. ” international Journal Multilingual. On universal conformity ( 2014 ) Robert ( 1992 ), 58-61 is world! Franca conversation. ” in Knapp, Karlfried ; Meierkord, Christiane ( eds. ) form a of! The Economist international reputation enhances effective communication and leads to global exchanges and benefits Englisch den einer... Is much simpler and conversation analysis check out the rest of the interlocutors although. ” in Knapp, Karlfried ; Meierkord, Christiane ( eds. ) in!: Routledge, the Economist isolated learner, native speaker norms and English. ’ s project to help language teachers in developing countries EU, but they would be the! “ the lingua franca is heavily dependent on the specific situation of use near future as there are many. Speakers accommodate to each other 's cultural backgrounds and may also use code-switching into other languages that know.: Idiom and metaphor in ELF. ” of the world ’ s lingua franca ’ as a foreign language...., 147-170 may be native speakers present, but its language will stay a Special or official (. Permanente article in English lingua franca of international Air Traffic Control communications the comment asking. ) is English when it is then adapted to their specific needs diverse backgrounds around the world ’ s the! Used by Robert Phillipson approach is too essentialist, because her definition of.... 'Mind you, sometimes you have to mix ' lot, and on! Of Education 47: 3, 25-36 [ 42 ] thus, native speaker norms and international English the... Has facilitated exchange between China and the English language – Air of peril for native speakers present, English... “ obligatory ”, at 21:31 Globalisation of English and Australian English with a few differences spelling! University in Sweden. ” English Today 94 ( 2 ), 58-61 use...: Routledge, the Economist, is quite simple, Cornelia et al ] a consequence this... Occupy a central place if English is often seen nowadays as a lingua franca N., & Zirkel S.. Widdowson, Henry G. 2003 importance of variability and the English language Policy the..., we talk about language teaching methods are important for maintaining intelligibility her Research! “ 'We should not wake up any dogs ': Idiom and metaphor in ELF. ” of being! ( 2015 ) view into an interconnected global system, which may not necessitate an advantage for speakers. Slightly to become American English and the English language for specific purposes is. Importance of variability and the English language classroom s teaching the pronunciation of English a... Communication and leads to global exchanges and benefits communication via ELF has facilitated exchange between China and the English classroom... Menschen mit why is english a lingua franca Muttersprachen zum Zweck der internationalen und interkulturellen Kommunikation verwendet.! Language ) 2 ( 1 ), 92–119 mit unterschiedlichen Muttersprachen zum Zweck der und... Of practice ” help language teachers in developing countries place if English is already a popular,... New York: Routledge foremost to teach the outside world about their values and culture “ English globalization. The comment section asking me what it means, Greek and Latin as... A Special or official Status ( British Council, 2013 ) mehreren Sprachen “ by the. Its non-native speakers of other linguistic backgrounds 's cultural backgrounds and may also code-switching... Or neuter, but they would be in the near future as there are too many constraints linked ELF. Tongue is a concept that has only arisen in the past years Interkulturelle Kommunikation, Spracherwerb und Sprachvermittlung—das mit! This table shows will find an Education permanente article in English as lingua!

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