English as a lingua franca. 1996. An important issue when discussing ELF is the notion of speakers of ELF being active language users in their own right, who do not need to adhere to native speaker norms but use ELF to meet their communicative needs. Lesznyk, gnes. Barbara Seidlhofer. Eine Lingua franca ist eine Verkehrssprache, die von Menschen mit unterschiedlichen Muttersprachen zum Zweck der internationalen und interkulturellen Kommunikation verwendet wird. English as a lingua franca (ELF) refers to the use of English as a common means of communication among people with different mother tongues. Other terms with slightly different meanings have been used in the debate and research on the global spread of English, including "English as an International Language" (EIL), "Global English", "Global Englishes", "International English", "World English" and "World Englishes", and "Globish" (Global English). Efficiency in ELF communication. Plzl, Ulrike; Seidlhofer, Barbara. 2008. English as a Lingua Franca: Studies and findings. Here, the speaker's ability to move away from the traditional speech patterns of the native varieties is argued to be an important part of ELF research. A lingua franca is a language systematically used to make communication possible between people not sharing a first language, in particular when it is a third language, distinct from both speakers' first languages. English as a Lingua Franca, or ELF for short, is a field of research interest that was born out of this tension between the global and the local, and it originally began as a ramification of the World Englishes framework in order to address the international, or, rather, transnational perspective on English in the world. London and New York: Routledge, The Economist. FutureLearn (2014). Sewell (2013) argued that the debate about ELF between Sowden and Cogo fails to acknowledge the variation that characterises language use today. Festschrift fr Juliane House zum 60. The Globalisation of English and the English Language Classroom. Seidlhofer, Barbara. Changing attitudes in an inter-connected world. Seidlhofer, Barbara. ELF interactions are defined as interactions between members of two or more different linguacultures in English, for none of whom English is the mother tongue. The discursive accomplishment of normality: On lingua franca English and conversation analysis. The Globalisation of English and the English language classroom. Towards making Euro-English a linguistic reality. In: Bolton, Kinglsey; Kachru, Braj B. A research study of MELF interactions where nurses negotiated a patient handover simulation indicated that areas of unintelligibility represented a potential threat to patient safety, through misrecognition of vocabulary related to medication, as well as other areas of lexical imprecision.. The Interpreter and Translator Trainer 7(2) [Special Issue: English as a Lingua Franca. English as a lingua franca. ELF Journal 59: 4, 339-340. Meierkord, Christiane. Firth, Alan. Language Policy Division. 'You moved, aren't?' Therefore, it is perceived as being free from any ideology. 8: 115-127. MacKenzie, Ian. English as a Lingua Franca: Theorizing and Teaching English. Examples of lingua francas are numerous, and exist on every continent.  Thus, native speaker norms occupy a central place if English is studied as a foreign language. Euro English. That sounds terribly complicated but, in essence, is quite simple. (2013). English as a global language (2nd edition). He disagrees with the definition of ELF being based on a distinction between non-native and native language use. JENNIFER JENKINS: Hello, everybody. He claims that Cogo's approach is too essentialist, because her definition of ELF is based on language features. Frankfurt am Main et al.  But once a language is appropriated by new communities, it is then adapted to their specific needs. A natural development. Curran, J. E., & Chern, C. L. (2017). Pitzl, Marie-Luise. Globalization, Psychology, and Social Issues Research: An Introduction and Conceptual Framework. Dewey defends ELF by emphasising the importance of variability and the dynamic nature of ELF. The habitat factor in English as a lingua franca interactions. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 177, 151-17.  While lingua francas have been used for centuries, what makes ELF a novel phenomenon is the extent to which it is used in spoken, written and in computer-mediated communication. It is by far the first foreign language taught. Die Lingua franca (italienisch fr frnkische Sprache) ist zum einen eine romanisch basierte Pidgin-Sprache, zum anderen die generische Bezeichnung fr eine Verkehrssprache.. Seidlhofer, Barbara. https://www.altalang.com//how-is-english-used-as-a-lingua-franca-today 2003. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Vienna-Oxford International Corpus of English, http://ressources-cla.univ-fcomte.fr/gerflint/Europe3/hulmbauer.pdf, "TEFL Interviews 4: Henry Widdowson & Barbara Seidlhofer on English as a Lingua Franca", Understanding English as a Lingua Franca: A Complete Introduction to the Theoretical Nature and Practical Implications of English used as a Lingua Franca. Adolphs, Svenja. Implications for Translator and Interpreter Education], 31220 [review article]. View transcript. The distinctiveness of ELF comes from the rapid pace of language evolution and innovation, enhanced in the ELF context due to the linguistic and cultural diversity of English speakers, where understanding is more important than using Standard features. With English as the lingua franca, instead of having to choose a language that some of the participants in the conversation understand but not others, one can choose a language that leaves no one completely left out. (Benjamin Studebaker), I totally agree with this statement. Breiteneder, Angelika. Notes on English used as a lingua franca as an object of study. Klimpfinger, Theresa. Although some researchers hold that English as a lingua franca is a neutral and culture-free tool, others hold that it carries the culture and language of its speakers. Therefore, it is perceived as being free from any ideology. Pre-service English teachers attitudes towards English as a lingua franca. Take a look at our social media channels to find out more about Sanakos project to help language teachers in developing countries! 'We should not wake up any dogs': Idiom and metaphor in ELF.. Issues in researching English as a lingua franca: a conceptual enquiry. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 19: 2, 117-135. English fulfills the need for a global lingua franca for it has spread to large areas of the world due to colonisation and the widespread teaching of English as a foreign language. Hlmbauer, Cornelia. It might seem like a given that English is the worlds lingua franca, but how did it get to be that way and whatever happened to French? Grau, Maike. Language Contact and the Future of English. 2008 "Introducing English as a lingua franca (ELF): Precursor and partner in intercultural communication." ELF is "defined functionally by its use in intercultural communication rather than formally by its reference to native-speaker norms" whereas English as a second or foreign language Latin has accusative, dative, genitive, feminine, masculine, or neuter, but English does not have such features. What is it? 'Mind you, sometimes you have to mix'. Paradowski, Micha B. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kg8jS-AMyMo, Galloway, N., & Rose, H. (2015). English is undoubtedly the lingua franca of the 21st century. Journal of Social Issues, 68, 439-453. Regarding the criticism of ELF and variety building, some claim that ELF research has inherited the legacies of traditional linguistics, which contain some obstacles when considering language use in context. Arbingdon, UK: Routledge. Today we would like to talk about language teaching text-based methodology. Lingua franca communication. [Video file].  This leads to linear connections between intention, behaviour, culture, etc., and English usages, which can be false lines of corrolation. Synergies Europe 3, 25-36. p.27, Vienna Oxford International Corpus of English [VOICE]: FAQ. 3. Although there are certainly other options available, an English lingua franca seems like the reasonable choice for two primary reasons. 2013. Updated April 03, 2020 The term English as a lingua franca (ELF) refers to the teaching, learning, and use of English as a common means of communication (or contact language) for speakers of different native languages. Paradowski, Micha B. Klimpfinger, Theresa. Because of the use of English as a lingua franca in international trade and intercultural communication, native speakers of English are outnumbered by non-native speakers, which is a situation that is quite atypical for western European languages.  ELF research focuses on the pragmatics of variation which is manifest in the variable use of the resources of English for a wide range of globalized purposes, in important formal encounters such as business transactions, international diplomacy and conflict resolution, as well as in informal exchanges between international friends.. 2005. Galloway, Nicola & Rose, Heath (2015). Saarbrcken: VDM Verlag Mller. Not to mention that it is the official language of air traffic control and of hotels, only to name a few (Galloway & Rose, 2015). Knapp, Karlfried; Meierkord, Christiane (eds.). 2009.  Recent linguistic discussions by ELF experts treat the interactants' cultural and linguistic background as a factor influencing language performance. 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