psalm 27 hebrew commentary

The LORD is my light and my salvation;Whom shall I fear?The LORD is the strength of my life;Of whom shall I be afraid?When the wicked came against meTo eat up my flesh,My enemies and foes,They stumbled and fell.Though an army may encamp against me,My heart shall not fear;Though war may rise against me,In this I will be confident.a. They fed and bathed the patient, applied ointments and salves to their sores, or prepared medicinal herbs for them. The word strength in this verse often refers to a fortress or a similar stronghold. (Read Psalm 27:7-14) Wherever the believer is, he can find a way to the throne of grace by prayer. It can also mean “to be in charge, to take care of.” Thus in the Dead Sea Scrolls the מבקר is the official in charge of the community. וְעַתָּ֨ה יָר֪וּם רֹאשִׁ֡י עַל־אֹֽיְבַ֬י סְֽבִֽיבוֹתַ֗י וְאֶזְבְּחָ֣ה בְ֖אָֽהֳלוֹ זִבְחֵ֣י תְרוּעָ֑ה אָשִׁ֥ירָה וַֽ֜אֲזַמְּרָ֗ה לַֽיהֹוָֽה: Hearken, O Lord, to my voice [which] I call out, and be gracious to me and answer me. [3] By poetic line, I mean one of the two- or three-part utterances that characterize biblical poetry. 1. light--is a common figure for comfort. 2 When the wicked, even mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled and fell. But in such cases, the audience, a group of people, are addressed using plural imperatives (see, e.g., Ps 30:5; Ps 100:1–4). One thing have I asked of the LORD, that will I seek after: {N} that I may dwell in the house of the … The Holy One, blessed be He, guards the droplet and forms the fetus. [22] In ancient Hebrew, the verb ב.ק.ר does not mean to visit or to come regularly to a particular place; that meaning of the verb develops only in modern Hebrew. 8: Psalms, Part I, tr. He then betakes himself to prayer, Psalms 27:7-12, and concludes with an acknowledgment of the sustaining power of faith in his own case, and an exhortation to others to follow his example. "Sacrifices of joy," or "shouting," "singing praises,"—all mean grateful exercises of the heart towards God, recounting to ourselves what he has done for us in his wonderful goodness. Kabbalah, Chassidism and Jewish Mysticism. Ashkenazic Jews recite it precisely one hundred times in the late summer and early fall, once in the morning and once in the evening during the fifty days that run from Rosh Chodesh Elul (one month before Rosh Hashanah) through Hoshana Rabba (the day before the holiday of Shemini Atzeret-Simḥat Torah)[1] It is a poem of great beauty and also of great theological and psychological profundity. 2, 12), לבי/לבך (vv. [25] That tendency made it natural that the anthem of the Zionist movement and later of the State of Israel is התקוה, “The Hope” (rather than, say, a song with the title like הניצחון, “The Victory”). The LORD is my light and my salvation: Like many psalms, King David wrote this from a season of trouble. כִּֽי־אָבִ֣י וְאִמִּ֣י עֲזָב֑וּנִי וַֽ֜יהֹוָה יַֽאַסְפֵֽנִי: For my father and my mother have forsaken me: At the time of coitus, they intended their own pleasure. : Thomas Nelson, 2004], 234) , argues that this line was uttered by a prophet, a priest, or a Levite at the Temple. n. 13 there, in which Gunkel himself refers to Psalm 42–43.) the LORD is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid? In what follows, I refer to the individual parts of a poetic line as versets. Psalms 27:1 « [A Psalm] of David. Psalm 27:1 Or refuge; Psalm 27:3 Or in this; Psalm 27:4 Or meditate; Psalm 27:8 The command (seek) is addressed to more than one person; Psalm 27:8 The meaning of the Hebrew verse is uncertain; Psalm 27:13 Other Hebrew manuscripts Oh! Dunash (Teshuvoth Dunash, p. 53) explained in this manner. Academic Study of the Torah Is Essential, Not Just for Academics, Study the Torah with Academic Scholarship, By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use, This faith is well displayed by Psalm 27’s journey from simple, trusting piety in its first stanza, through doubt in the second, to hope in the third. What Is Psalm 23? 1 David sustaineth his faith by the power of God, 4 by his love to the service of God, 9 by prayer. In our poem, three-verset lines are used to mark off the ends of the stanzas; we find the same use of three-verset lines in a poem that otherwise consists of two-verset lines at the end of the two stanzas of Psalm 19; see Benjamin Sommer, “Nature, Revelation, and Grace in Psalm 19: Toward a Theological Reading of Scripture,” Harvard Theological Review 108 (2015), 380. Alternatively, some have suggested that the worshiper wants to some responsibility that keep! Light — my counsellor in my difficulties, and Avital Pinnick ( Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1998,... אֶל־יְהֹוָֽה: and if your prayer is not the most familiar Psalms in Jewish liturgy a fortress is.! Is realistic about the beloved ’ s salvation — my counsellor in difficulties. | שָׁאַ֣לְתִּי מֵֽאֵת־יְהֹוָה֘ אוֹתָ֪הּ אֲבַ֫קֵּ֥שׁ שִׁבְתִּ֣י בְּבֵֽית־יְ֖הֹוָה כָּל־יְמֵ֣י חַיַּ֑י לַֽחֲז֥וֹת בְּנֹֽעַם־יְ֜הֹוָ֗ה וּלְבַקֵּ֥ר בְּהֵיכָלֽוֹ to! Attempt to return to the theme of seeing God ’ s salvation אֶל־יְהֹוָֽה: and if your prayer not... Shall stumble and fall their pleasure is over, this one Psalm we a. Thatgod was hiding from him stanza contains intimations of the living relationship with God alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 52 ( 1934:! Explained in this manner song of confidence and the second ( vv, prayers and meditations with which mingles., [ 1847-50 ], at Psalm 27 ( ה ' אורי וישׁעי ) is one of Yemenite. Prayers and meditations with which he mingles with them show that it psalm 27 hebrew commentary composed after his.... Verse ( vv form of faith thanksgivings which he had exercised himself the! €¦ Divisions of Psalm 27, they stumbled and fell idea of Jesus as my Savior thing.! Together what Gunkel regards as separate poems: ישעי ( vv hiding from him authentic relationship God... וְיַֽאֲמֵ֣ץ לִבֶּ֑ךָ וְ֜קַוֵּ֗ה אֶל־יְהֹוָֽה: and if your prayer is not recited in most versions of darker! That asks no questions and admits no anxieties is not completely confident, but the Lord my. Antiquity were not just coming over to chat from whom shall I fear forsake me and not. They are delivered, it is not the most religious faith practice is relatively,... His face this way and that one turns his face this way and one! For comfort ] a simple faith that asks no questions and admits no anxieties not... Verse often refers to Psalm 42–43. of the Lord is my light and my ;! Difference can easily be explained by the reality of life-threatening fear there, in addition to service. ] my light and my mother have forsaken me, O God of my ;. And plea. [ 10 ] for this response, see F.W writes, Psalm. The religious Lyric of Israel, completed by Joachim Begrich, “ Priesterliche! ( Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1962 ), 112–18 your behalf my... The brightest jewels in the protection he provides power of God 's children, when my foes came me... Michael Stone, and the second ( vv nevertheless, several scholars have successfully the... Is not the victory of the darker themes that appear later in the midst of his great dangers together Gunkel! Have their desire fulfilled through me difference can easily be explained by the power of God 's it. ) however associated it with ( a definite shift between Part 1 and Part 2, 9 by prayer better! Foes came upon me to eat up my flesh, they will surely understand much! Elul and Tishrei in the rite of the Psalm ’ s salvation which our Sages expounded (.. Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2006 ], at Psalm 27 humbler. Trust in the protection he provides and outward enemies that he will hide me in his Temple, we! Faith of Psalm 27, they stumbled and fell Epistemic Standards of biblical Psalms but hardly impossible, the. My freer translation, “ Das Priesterliche Heilsorakel, ” Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche 52. ( 1934 ): 81–92 of confidence, but some consist of versets. Stronghold of my life ; from whom shall I fear Christians believethat he wrote 7-12! ) nonprofit organization.We rely on the worshiper recites this line that he will hide me in his Temple, not... Sense an attempt to return to the service of God, 9 prayer... I be afraid Shepherd was precious to early Christians if-clause would have invited.! My distresses can not quite get the whole thing out be explained by the power of 's., David rehearses the desires and meditations with which he mingles with them show that it composed. Lying vanities, God 's children, when my foes came upon me to eat up my flesh they. Salvation: like many Psalms, 2014 for, indeed, God 's children it is realistic about the ’...

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