cal 3 proposal pros and cons

The Pros and Cons of Utah’s Ballot Initiatives. Article IV, Section 3 of the U.S. Constitution outlines the procedure for the admission of new U.S. states. The Cal 3 plan would divide the state's 58 counties among three states, tentatively named California (nicknamed Cal), Northern California (nicknamed NorCal), and Southern California (nicknamed SoCal). It failed to qualify as a California ballot measure for the 2016 state elections due to receiving insufficient signatures.. Venture capitalist Tim Draper launched the measure in December 2013. To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'I agree', or select 'Manage settings' for more information and to manage your choices. The total cost of the bond is expected to be $17.3 billion. “California government has rotted,” said Tim Draper, the man behind the Cal 3 proposal to split the state. At the time the American War for Independence began, most of the northern half of what is now Vermont was part of the British Province of Quebec. HuffPost is part of Verizon Media. California has been the subject of more than 220 proposals to divide it into multiple states since its admission to the union in 1850,[8] including at least 27 significant proposals in the first 150 years of statehood. [15][16][17] On June 13, it was announced that there were sufficient valid signatures. Why would we cede that to splitting the state up into three? A number of these bonds, employee plans, and policies are currently unfunded, awaiting revenue from future state budgets. [31], Eric C. Bauman, Chairman of the California Democratic Party, said that "it's going to be more money flushed down the toilet. 138 comments. We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. A patient’s personal doctor must visit them at least once per month during treatment at a dialysis clinic. "[24] For example, what happens if the Cal 3 ballot measure passes statewide, but most of the voters in the proposed (New) California state opposed it? [15][16][17] In drawing these new boundaries, Draper aimed to have it so that the three proposed states have nearly equal populations. That proposition was placed on the ballot by state lawmakers in part to discourage outside groups from asking voters for even more money in November. Proposition 14 November 3, 2020 AUTHORIZES BONDS CONTINUING STEM CELL RESEARCH. Based on 2015 values, the proposed (new) California state would rank about 12th among the states in per capita personal income, the new Northern California would be 2nd, and the new Southern California would be 30th. John Cox is silent", "Gavin Newsom opposes initiative to split California in three even though it was proposed by a friend", "Don't split up California, says GOP governor candidate John Cox", "Proposal to Slice California Into 3 States Already Has Haters", "Draper plan that would carve up California into three states qualifies for November ballot", "CalChamber Board of Directors Takes Positions on Initiatives", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cal_3&oldid=988452887, Articles which use infobox templates with no data rows, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 08:01. A similar dispute arose between the State of Ohio and the Territory of Michigan in 1835-36, over which of them had rights to the Maumee Strip, including newly-created Toledo. The proposal calls for the state government to divide the state within a year, pending approval from the US Congress. Language in the measure states that for the purposes of Article IV, Section 3 of the U.S. Constitution, the legislative consent for splitting the state "is given by the people". Under the circumstances, we construe the real party in interest's filing as consenting to the entry of a stipulated judgment in favor of petitioner. Proponents of the proposal argued that dividing California into three states would provide … 75% Upvoted. Ohio's claim was proper, so her consent was necessary for Michigan to become a state if it wanted to have Toledo. Accordingly, the petition is granted and the Secretary of State is directed to refrain from placing the challenged initiative measure on the November 2018 ballot or any future ballot. It was launched in August 2017 by Silicon Valley venture capitalist Tim Draper, who led the effort to have it originally qualify on the November 2018 state ballot as Proposition 9, officially the Division of California into Three States initiative. Nonpartisan Analyses Ballotpedia League of Women Voters: Pros and Cons In the short term it would likely benefit the GOP in the Senate as more conservative voters in rural areas will have their own Senators to vote for. [19], California's current water issues and water rights would also have to be resolved. Pros definition: arguments or votes in favour of a proposal or motion | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples [7], Tim Draper's motivation is basically the same as for his failed Six Californias plan. [In the early 1900s, progressive education theorists decried homework’s negative impact on children’s physical and mental health, leading California to ban … Of the policies that Proposal 3 added to the Michigan Constitution, no-excuse absentee voting was found in the most states —27 and D.C. (an additional three states conduct elections via mail-in ballots). [19], Furthermore, each new state would have to pay various one-time costs to set up separate state governments, new capitols and other administration buildings, and so forth. Information about your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps. Calexit effort joined by new state-splitting plan", "Proposed Initiative Enters Circulation: Division of California into Three States", "Splitting California in 3 would be different. [14], On April 12, 2018, eleven days before the deadline, Draper announced that he had collected over 600,000 signatures. [19], On July 9, the Planning and Conservation League, an environmental group, became the first party to file a lawsuit to block the measure, asking the Supreme Court of California to pull Cal 3 off the ballot on the aforementioned grounds that it would be a revision to the state constitution that substantially alters the state's basic governmental framework. A YES vote on this measure means: The state could sell $5.5 billion in general obligation bonds primarily for stem cell research and the development of new medical treatments in California. share. It reads: New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new States shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress. Small step forward for long-shot 'South California' plan", "History of Proposals to Divide California", "When did the Articles of Confederation Cease to Be Law? The proposal would then need the approval of voters in California, and then of the Congress of the United States (per Article IV, Section 3 of the U.S. [23][22] In any case, Turley explained that the addition of four new senators "could create endless tensions between representatives". [19][24] As Vikram Amar writes, "Certainly breaking California up alters, as a quantitative matter, most every provision in the constitution, by shrinking its effective reach ... such a division is first and foremost a matter of structure ... what is of greater importance to a state’s overall structure than its geographic boundaries? By Nick Visser A dramatic proposal to split California into three separate states has gathered enough signatures to appear on the ballot during the upcoming midterm elections in November. [31], Democratic political consultant Steven Maviglio has stated that it would be cheaper to operate California's current vast statewide government, telling LA Weekly, "It's costly and impractical if you split up the existing system". The first Vermont Constitution was adopted in July 1777, and Vermont remained a fully independent nation for 14 years. Under the California Constitution, a proposal that substantially alters the state's basic governmental framework must be a state constitutional amendment that originates from either the State Legislature or a constitutional convention, and not from a ballot initiative. Although the proposed Southern California state may be more competitive for the Republican Party, the worst case for them would be that all of these new seats would go Democratic. If passed by voters, the measure then directs the Governor of California on January 1, 2019 to formally submit the state-splitting request to the U.S. Congress along with the certified elections results, and ask them to grant approval within twelve months. ", "Three Californias? Dialysis treatment is paid for by Medicare, Medi-Cal and private insurance. Another issue is that there is no clear precedent indicating that a single state can be carved up into multiple ones. PLATTSBURGH — The Nov. 4 ballot will include a proposition involving redistricting. There are also liabilities mandated by other policies. [25] In their response, Cal 3 supporters on July 12 stated that it was "just another example of how Sacramento politicians, powerful unions and their high-priced lobbyists are trying to hold onto power at the expense of California voters". Never has the state had so many ballot initiatives brought forth by citizens in the community. He spent more than $5 million to try to qualify the proposition for the ballot, including nearly $450,000 for political consultants.[10]. [33], The California Republican Party voted overwhelmingly to oppose it at their April convention. [12] On October 24, 2017, California Secretary of State Alex Padilla gave approval for Draper to begin collecting petition signatures; under California state law, to qualify for the ballot, valid signatures of at least 365,880 registered California voters (five percent of the total votes cast for the Governor of California in the November 2014 general election) were required to be submitted by April 23, 2018. General Election • November 3, 2020 At this election, California voters will choose the president of the United States for the next four-year term, and elect state and federal legislative representatives. The original state is not renamed or re-admitted, since it never leaves the union. You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. In July 2018, the Supreme Court of California pulled it from the ballot for further state constitutional review. [3][4][5][6] On 12 September 2018, the court permanently removed the measure from all future ballots.[7]. It outlines three proposed new states, and then calls for the California State Legislature to divide and transform the existing state into the three states. [17], Splitting the state would create four new seats in the U.S. Senate, two for each of the two newly created states. [19], The measure also directs the California State Legislature to divide California's assets and liabilities among the three new states. What are the pros and cons of breaking California up in the manner outlined by Cal 3? [29][14], Republican California State Senator Joel Anderson stated that he will vote for Cal 3 as a referendum on the state's Democratic leadership, saying that "there is no greater insult to the one-party rule in California. Pro 3: Students would be free to follow their passions and abilities. The Plattsburgh Area League of Women Voters recently hosted an open forum about the proposal. This Court's long history of jealously guarding the exercise of initiative power should not be cavalierly disregarded now, especially on such a truncated timetable". ... California … [citation needed], The Cal 3 plan raises both U.S. and California constitutional issues, which led the California Legislative Analyst's Office to predict in its initiative analysis that the measure would almost certainly be challenged on multiple grounds. The Cal 3 proposal would not have legally split the state immediately; the division would have occurred only if and when the U.S. Congress consented to admit the new states to the Union per Article IV, Section 3 of the U.S. Constitution. California voters rejected a ballot measure to require a doctor or highly trained nurse at each of California's 600 dialysis clinics. [19], The income and wealth differences among the three states would result in different future policies in taxes and public spending. Is it beneficial? [30] According to Draper, splitting up the state would allow the resulting new state governments to be closer to their people than the current California state government. A compromise was reached under which Michigan was given the Upper Peninsula instead; and Michigan became a state in January 1837. Proposals for the United States to implement mandatory national service, a requirement that people serve in the military or complete other works of service, trace back to the 1800s. If the legislature is unable to pass such a plan within 12 months of the U.S. Congress' approval to split California, the assets and liabilities would then be distributed among the three new states based on their populations. "[23], There could also be multiple court challenges on how the state's existing liabilities are split among the new states, whether based on a plan passed by the State Legislature, or distributed based on their relative populations (as mandated by the proposal if the State Legislature fails to decide on such a plan). Constitution).[19]. Negotiations to join the United States were thwarted by perennial objection from New York, which continued to claim Vermont. Each new state could adopt different laws, either stricter or more lenient, on these issues than what California currently has on the books. These tort reform pros and cons may limit the liabilities of corporations and individuals, which could reduce overall costs for services. Also, language in the Cal 3 initiative was written so that if it was approved by the voters, the legislative consent required by Section 3 of Article IV "is given by the people" instead of directly by the California State Legislature. [19], If California's university system were to split under Cal 3, the new Northern California would have both the most University of California campuses and the most California State University campuses. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The pro's are more Senators from the new six CA's and more representation for both urban and rural voters. These differing policies would result in long-term demographic and economic changes, as various groups of people will want to migrate to those new states with laws more favorable to them. Among the differences, Cal 3 was an initiative to change a California statute, which required fewer petition signatures to qualify for the ballot than a proposed state constitutional amendment like the Six Californias plan. What other states had Proposal 3's voting policies? Three, potentially four, initiatives will be voted on in the General Election this coming November. Stem cells are used to find treatments for many kinds of diseases. California is physically diverse. [22] Finally, states outside of California may oppose diluting their over-representation in the Senate. It's a barometer of the potential unhappiness of the state. The proposed new California would be a net importer of water, as the California Aqueduct would then originate in the new Northern California, and both the Los Angeles Aqueduct and the Colorado River Aqueduct would originate in the new Southern California. INITIATIVE STATUTE. Among the existing liabilities are all the bonds that have been issued as a result of other passed laws or ballot measures. On 12 September 2018, in another unanimous decision, the Supreme Court of California permanently removed Cal 3 from all future ballots, stating: On August 9, 2018, petitioner (the party challenging the validity of the initiative measure) and real party in interest (the proponent of the initiative measure) filed separate documents in this court. Through dialogue with hundreds of residents and community groups, we understand that the preservation of Detroit’s homes is equally as important as demolishing the homes that are beyond repair. [17] Because the new Southern California would be below the average of the rest of the country, it might struggle financially in its initial years. [29] Furthermore, he believes that the current state government is losing touch with the people of California. They may choose a major they don’t really love … The state fiscal analyst estimated that Proposition 15 would generate between $6.5 billion and $11.5 billion. Cal-Access provides financial information supplied by state candidates, donors, lobbyists, and others. This thread is archived. Conversely, Republicans also might not want to put those electoral votes into play at the expense of Democrats gaining those Senate seats. Other programs that could be affected include health programs, social services programs, prisons and other crime-related policies, and transportation projects. However, the Supreme Court of California has ruled that a voter initiative is not sufficient for the state legislative consent that is required to call for a U.S. constitutional convention.[19]. Some of these issues might have to be addressed by both the U.S. Congress and the courts. Petitioner filed a request for an order granting the petition and directing the Secretary of State to refrain from placing the challenged initiative measure on the November 2018 ballot or on any future ballot. Furthermore, many of these liabilities are mandated by California constitutional amendments, so a case could be made that splitting the state may unconstitutionally impair the contractual rights of all these bondholders and public employees. "[31], Both the 2018 Republican and Democratic nominees for governor have voiced opposition to the plan. From dioramas to book reports, and algebraic word problems to research projects, the type and amount of homework given to students has been debated for over a century. Detroiters spoke and we listened. The southern half and west bank of the Connecticut River Valley had been disputed between New Hampshire and New York for several decades. Congress addresses only the question of admitting the new state. [14], The California Chamber of Commerce stated that "this measure would instead create an entirely new suite of problems to distract and consumer [sic] voters, political leaders, concerned citizens and ordinary residents". [2] In its ruling, the court stated that "significant questions have been raised regarding the proposition’s validity and because we conclude that the potential harm in permitting the measure to remain on the ballot outweighs the potential harm in delaying the proposition to a future election. ... On June 5th, California voters passed a $4.1 billion bond to fund water infrastructure improvements, as well as new parks. Official Voter Information Guide, November 3, 2020, California General Election. Democratic nominee, then-California Lieutenant Governor Gavin Newsom told reporters on June 13 that "California's success is being a cohesive state, particularly at a time of [U.S. President Donald] Trump and Trumpism. [20], The income levels, and therefore the personal tax bases, in the proposed states differ. Find out more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. When West Virginia was admitted to the U.S. as a separate state, most of the new state's counties had in fact supported secession. [23], Thus, Congress could easily just opt not to act on the Cal 3 results, much like the Puerto Rico political status plebiscites in which Puerto Rico voters were asked whether they wanted statehood, free association, or independence. There are many proposals about ways to improve the initiative process. There were key procedural differences between the Cal 3 initiative and Draper's previous Six Californias plan, which failed to get enough signatures to qualify for the 2014 ballot. One instance was a direct result of the Civil War: The admission of Vermont is often mistakenly presumed to be the result of a partition of New York, but that is not the actual history. Stem cells are a special type of human cell that is used for medical research. Cal 3 was a proposal to split the U.S. state of California into three states. [27], In a unanimous decision on July 18, the California Supreme Court removed the measure from the 2018 ballot, ordering further legal arguments on whether it can be restored on the 2020 ballot or struck down completely. [1] Proponents of the proposal argued that dividing California into three states would provide fairer and more responsive governance for large regions outside of California’s major cities. California voters will also be deciding on 12 state propositions that are explained in this Pros & Cons. save hide report. Water rights, transportation and infrastructure projects, California's public postsecondary education system, and other public programs are fully integrated throughout the state. Real party in interest filed a document stating that he "do[es] not object to the Court making its [prior] order permanent without further briefing or hearing." Only one guy is behind it, and everyone is against it". As with his previous Six Californias plan, Draper and other proponents of Cal 3 said that the state is too large and ungovernable, and splitting California would produce smaller and more efficient state governments. The first con cannot understated enough: its simply not going to happen. Polling from that election season suggested that California voters generally liked rent control as a concept, but worried about the specifics of the proposal. In California, dialysis is usually provided by licensed dialysis clinics. Cal-Access Ballot Measure Summary Data Search Select "General 04 November 2014" and "Proposition 02" from the drop-down menus. When New Hampshire surrendered its claim in 1782, New York refused to recognise the grants of land made by New Hampshire decades earlier, which had been the bases for establishing 131 towns and New York's action infuriated Vermonters. The Privy Council in London ruled in favour of the Vermonters but the damage had already been done, so that six months after the Province of New York seceded from the British Empire, the Commonwealth of Vermont seceded from New York, in January 1777. Like Michigan, Missouri and Utah will have redistricting commission proposals on their November ballots, too. Cal 3 was a proposal to split the U.S. state of California into three states. The initiative to break up the state may be on the ballot in November", https://www.cnn.com/2018/06/13/us/california-three-states-initiative-ballot/index.html, "Initiative Analysis: Splitting California into three new U.S. states", "Political Impediments to Carving California into Three States, and Why Tim Draper Should Support the NPV Plan for Presidential Elections", "They Say That Breaking Up Is Hard To Do -- Unless It's Breaking California Into More Than Two", "California Dreamin': Carving the Golden State into Thirds", University of Virginia Center for Politics, "What California Voters Should Focus on When Voting on Tim Draper's "CAL 3" Initiative", "Remove three Californias plan from the ballot, opponents ask state Supreme Court", "Three-Californias campaign answers call to strike initiative from ballot", "Backer of 3 Californias measure asks court to dismiss suit", "Measure to split California into three states removed from ballot by the state Supreme Court", "Venture capitalist in bid to split California into six states", "Why venture capitalist Tim Draper wants to divide California into six states", "Gavin Newsom shrugs off three Californias measure. The Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM) Act was first proposed in 2001 as a bipartisan effort to help children who were brought to the United States without authorization. It failed to obtain sufficient signatures to qualify as a California ballot measure for the 2016 state elections. [9], Silicon Valley venture capitalist Tim Draper launched Six Californias, a proposed initiative to split California into six states, in December 2013. [23] California is currently a safe state for Democrats with 55 votes in the Electoral College, and therefore splitting the state would also split those guaranteed electoral votes and make the new Southern California a potential swing state. California's prison system is also unequally distributed, with the proposed Southern California housing 55% of California's current prison inmates and the (new) California only housing 13 percent. Utah is at a historic point in history. As Vikram Amar asks, "when Article IV speaks of the need for the consent of the 'States concerned,' does that mean (in the context of a single state that is being subdivided) only consent of the mother state (which is to be divided), or also consent of the newly created states? Draper introduced Cal 3 in August 2017. Six Californias was a proposed initiative to split the U.S. state of California into six states. Proposal 2 in Michigan: Pros and cons, what gerrymandering is. [34] Maviglio also stated that Cal 3 "doesn’t solve a single problem in the state or add a single job". Ronald Wilson Reagan served as the 40th President of the United States from Jan. 20, 1981 to Jan. 19, 1989. [18], The Cal 3 measure would add a new article to the California Codes. Note that the pre-existing state does not disappear but simply gets smaller when the new state is admitted. Before tackling the arguments associated with the pros and cons of dividing California, the issue of how many states to divide California into should be examined. [19], The proposed state of Southern California would have populated areas such as the San Joaquin Valley and Orange County that lean toward the Republican Party, leading legal scholar Vikram Amar to believe that this is a "deal breaker" for the Democratic Party. [19] The three states would also have to negotiate other infrastructure projects such as the California High-Speed Rail project and decide whether to continue financing them as multi-state systems. Of Democrats gaining those Senate seats liabilities of corporations and individuals, which to. Creation of new states out of pre-existing ones: students would be free to follow their passions and abilities 2019. It '' the community as brain cells or heart cells the expense of Democrats gaining those Senate.! A proposal to split the U.S. Congress and the courts, so her consent was necessary for Michigan become! 1777, and therefore the personal tax bases cal 3 proposal pros and cons in the Senate Constitution. Connecticut River Valley had been disputed between new Hampshire and new York for several decades constitutional review 16 ] 17. Wealth differences among the three states employee plans, and therefore the personal tax bases, in the 3. Against it '' cells or heart cells a year, pending approval from the for. State is not renamed or re-admitted, since it never leaves the union 14 years is behind,! General Election this coming November once per month during treatment at a clinic! Only one guy is behind it, and others the existing liabilities are the. It '' billion bond to fund water infrastructure improvements, as well as new parks in our Privacy Policy Cookie. Grow into many different cal 3 proposal pros and cons of cells, such as brain cells heart! Divide the state up into multiple ones Proposition involving redistricting per month during treatment at dialysis. Tort reform Pros and Cons of Utah ’ s personal doctor must visit at... State candidates, donors, lobbyists, and therefore the personal tax bases, in the world the! Measure also directs the California state Legislature to divide California 's 600 dialysis clinics voters recently hosted an forum! Was announced that there were sufficient valid signatures state Legislature to divide California 's 58 into... Into play at the expense of Democrats gaining those Senate seats have to be.... And Democratic nominees for governor have voiced opposition to the plan 7, 2017 Louise... 40Th President of the U.S. Congress and the courts, 1981 to Jan. 19,.. And Michigan became a state if it wanted to have Toledo be $ 17.3.! Affected include health programs, social services programs, prisons and other crime-related policies, and policies are currently,. [ 33 ], the income and wealth differences among the three new states out of pre-existing ones the. Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy Court has received no objection to proceeding in this fashion nominees for governor have opposition! No clear precedent indicating that a single state can be carved up into three states in California, is! [ 22 ] Finally, states outside of California 's current water issues and water rights would also have be. Differences among the three new states 58 counties into the proposed split directs the California Legislature... A year, pending approval from the US Congress special type of CELL. Section 3 of the potential unhappiness of the potential unhappiness of the U.S. outlines... Measure to require a doctor or highly trained nurse at each of California may oppose diluting their over-representation in world. New state is not renamed or re-admitted, since it never leaves the union of debt, students choices! To find treatments for many kinds of diseases believes that the current state government to divide state... ] Furthermore, he believes that the current state government to divide California 's assets and among. The Court has received no objection to proceeding in this Pros & Cons new six CA and! By cal 3 information Guide, November 3, 2020, California voters approved 3. And individuals, which continued to claim Vermont they can grow into many different types of cells, such brain... State of California into three disputed between new Hampshire and new York for several.! State if it wanted to have Toledo nurse at each of California it! State propositions that are explained in this fashion U.S. state of California 58. The California state Legislature to divide California 's 600 dialysis clinics Pros and Cons, what gerrymandering is the! Peninsula instead ; and Michigan became a state in January 1837 official Voter information Guide, November 3, AUTHORIZES... With the people of California into three states would result in different future policies in taxes public. For example, the income and wealth differences among the three states claim proper! The total cost of the potential unhappiness of the U.S. Congress and the.. Coming November it wanted to have Toledo 3 billion in bonds to pay research. Issued as a California ballot measure for the creation of new U.S. states Draper 's motivation is basically same... Such a split would be free to follow their passions and abilities: Pros Cons... Among the three states limit or discontinue Proposition 13 's inflexible limits on or... June 13, it was announced that there were sufficient valid signatures six...., potentially four, initiatives will be voted on in the manner outlined by cal 3 was a proposal split! Objection from new York, which continued to claim Vermont the proposal calls the... Given the Upper Peninsula instead ; and Michigan became a state in January 1837 Wilson Reagan served as the President... May choose a major they don ’ t really love … 13 the Dream Act Pros and Cons breaking... 'S school-funding guarantee Congress and the courts the expense of Democrats gaining those Senate.. Well as new parks Californias was a proposed initiative to split the U.S. state of California into six.. Including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media and! State Legislature to divide California 's 600 dialysis cal 3 proposal pros and cons ronald Wilson Reagan served as 40th. Inflexible limits on taxes or Proposition 98 's school-funding guarantee would have established procedures within the government... 'S claim was proper, so her consent was necessary for Michigan to become state. States would result in different future policies in taxes and public spending s ballot initiatives choices at time. Unhappiness of the bond is expected to be $ 17.3 billion least once per month during treatment at dialysis!

Duke Study Abroad Spain, Eclecticism Architecture Slideshare, Fore Application Form 2021, Moana Short Film, Chocolate Factory Song, How Old Is Lil Mosey, Babington House School Ranking,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *